The Indus Flows through the full length of Pakistan. The Indus River originates in the Tibetan plateau, making its 3,200km journey southwards along the entire length of Pakistan, before emptying into the Arabian Sea. The Indus then flows west and turns south and southwest to enter Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in the process skirting around the northern and western sides of the Nanga Parbat massif (26,660 feet [8,126 metres]) in gorges that reach depths of 15,000 to 17,000 feet (4,600 to 5,200 metres) and widths of 12 to 16 miles (19 to 26 km). India is working within the framework of the Indus water-sharing agreement while building the hydroelectric … Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Indus river originates in . After entering India, it flows in between Ladakh and Karakoram range mostly close to the former. This river enters Leh from Tibet in India and then enters Pakistan via Kashmir. The Chandra river originates from glaciers east of the same pass (near Chandra Taal). Both of them originate in the high Himalayas. The Indus originates from the springs of Sengge Khabal near Lake Manas sarowar and enters in India in Ladakh. Its capital Srinagar is located on the banks of the tributary Jhelum. The river subsequently runs to the northwest via Baltistan and Ladakh into Gilgit, immediately south to the Karakoram Mountain range. It's theorized that some of Hinduism's traits can be traced back to this ancient culture. The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. The Indus river originates from the Kailash hills in Tibet, near the Mansarovar region. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Indus-River, MapsofIndia.com - Rivers in India - Indus River Map, Indus River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Indus River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Although most of the river's course runs through neighbouring Pakistan , as per as regulation of Indus water treaty of 1960, India can use only 20 percent of the water in this river. Printable Blank India Outline Map for UPSC Preparation | How to Study India Outline Map for UPSC IAS Exam? indus river originate from Tibetan Plateau in the area of Lake Manasarovar HOPE IT HELPS YOU!!! Updates? It is the river known for its length as it is the longest flowing river in the country. Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, great trans-Himalayan river of South Asia. It originates in the Sengkhabb sources 62.5 miles north of Kailash in the Greater Himalayas. One of the biggest influences on the Harappas was a group of Indo-Europeans, also known as Aryans, w… Indus River. Vienna Convention on Consular Relations for UPSC Exam – Complete Study Material & Notes for IAS Prelims. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). Its total drainage area is about 450,000 square miles (1,165,000 square km), of which 175,000 square miles (453,000 square km) lie in the ranges and foothills of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Karakoram Range; the rest is in the semiarid plains of Pakistan. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Tapti River is one of the only three rivers in the East that flows westwards. The average annual water flow of River Indus is 243 cubic kilometres. The total drainage area of River Indus is approximately 11,65,000 km2. Indus river is a west-flowing river that originates in the Tibetan plateau near Lake Mansarovar. Complaint Letter Format | How to Write a Letter of Complaint? Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley. Kilometres or 4,50,000 Sq. Serves as the main source of water resources to Punjab. Over 47% of the total area of the Indus drainage basin is in Pakistan and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Apology Letter Format & Samples | How To Write an Apology Letter? Trails cling grimly to precipitous slopes overlooking the river from elevations of 4,000 to 5,000 feet (1,200 to 1,500 metres). The Indus River originates in Tibet and follows a circuitous route southward through the Himalaya Mountains to the Arabian Sea, emptying into the ocean southeast of the coastal city of Karachi. The River is originates from sacred Lake Mansarovar in Tibet. It flows through Jammu and Kashmir in the western direction until it reaches Pakistan, and from there it takes southern course to merge with Arabian Sea. It originates in the Sengkhabb sources 62.5 miles north of Kailash in the Greater Himalayas. It finally drains into the Arabian Sea. Agriculture in Pakistan depends on the water from this river. The Indus River basin and its drainage network. | Few Sample Complaint Letters Images. This river flows between Tibet and Kashmir. Finally, it cuts across the Salt Range near Kalabagh to enter the Punjab Plain. It cuts through the Himalayas in a deep gorge near Nanga Parbat and then leaves Kashmir to enter Pakistan. Industrial Activities, Industrial waste disposal and Plastic waste. The Brahmaputra rises from the Chemaung-Dung glacier near Manas sarowar in Tibet. The Indus river originates in the Himalayas, passes through India and enters Pakistan. Indus River is one of the longest rivers in India. It enters the PoK region and flows to the north of Nanga Parbat, post which it enters Pakistan. It originates from the Siachen glacier, also behaves like the Shyok. ICAI Reprint Letter Total Services | How to Print ICAI Registration Letter Online CA Students & ICAI Members? The Indus River System List of Important Rivers of India and their Names, Origin, Destination and Length S.N. The river has developed antecedent drainage in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistanis taking shelter on higher ground after an Indus River flood, near Thatta, Sindh province, Pakistan, August 2010. It serves as the major source of irrigation and food production in Pakistan. Indus River In Tibetan, the Indus River is known as the Senggye Tsangpo, and it originates in the area of Lake Manasarovar in Tibet’s Ngari Prefecture. The delta covers an area of 3,000 square miles (7,800 square km) or more (and extends along the coast for about 130 miles (210 km). The river Ganges is considered to be the sacred river, it is commonly known as the river Ganga which is located at the northern part of the India and it flows towards Bangladesh. The River Indus is 1,976 miles (3180 km) long making it one of … It follows a north-westerly course through Tibet. Fig : Indus River Map The origin of the river is located in Tibet; it starts at the meeting point of the Sengge and Gar rivers that sap the Gangdise Shan and Nganglong Kangri mountain ranges. River basin. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A river along with its tributaries may be called a river system. Indus River originates from the Tibetan plateau near Lake Mansarovar in China. Like many other rivers, the Indus originates in the mountains of the Himalayas. In Tibetan, the Indus River is known as the Senggye Tsangpo, and it originates in the area of Lake Manasarovar in Tibet’s Ngari Prefecture. River Indus holds particular importance to the country Pakistan and has a major impact on its economy. The river joins with the Doda River to form the larger Zanskar River. As this early culture faced invasion upon invasion, the faith of the Harappa culture evolved to include those of the invaders. Salient Features of Indian Society | Important Features of Indian Society for UPSC Civil Service Examination. These five rivers—the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej—give the name Punjab (“Five Rivers”) to the region divided between Pakistan and India. After emerging from this highland region, the Indus flows as a rapid mountain stream between the Swat River and Hazara areas in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province until it reaches the reservoir of Tarbela Dam. The Indus River is one of the most important rivers in the world running across three major Asian nations, namely China, India and Pakistan.It originates near the Mansarovar Lake in the Tibetan plateau, moves through India and runs most of its course through Pakistan, making it the longest river in Pakistan.The Indus was known to the ancient Indians in Sanskrit as Sindhu. The Indus delta has elongated protruding distributaries and low sandy beaches. Then it follows through Ladakh region and Zanskar region in northern side. As it approaches the sea, the river meanders over the coastal plain. The … Embankments have been constructed to prevent flooding, but occasionally these give way, and floods destroy large areas. Although most of the river's course runs through neighbouring Pakistan , as per as regulation of Indus water treaty of 1960, India can use only 20 percent of the water in this river. During heavy flooding the river sometimes changes its course. India has about 39%, Tibet has 8% and Afghanistan has 6 % of the Indus basin catchment area.. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. After receiving the waters of the Punjab rivers, the Indus becomes much larger, and during the flood season (July to September) it is several miles wide. The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. Miles. The Chandra river originates from glaciers east of the same pass (near Chandra Taal). Fig : Indus River Map The origin of the river is located in Tibet; it starts at the meeting point of the Sengge and Gar rivers that sap the Gangdise Shan and Nganglong Kangri mountain ranges. The Course of flow of the river ends in the Arabian sea. New questions in Biology How does a baby get produced? The uneven surface of the delta contains a network of existing and abandoned channels. The Bhaga river originates from Surya taal lake, which is situated a few kilometers west of the Bara-lacha la pass in Himachal Pradesh. Its capital Srinagar is located on the banks of the tributary Jhelum. 11,65,000 Sq. | Types & Styles of Letter Writing | Letter Writing Topics, Samples & Tips, YASHADA Coaching Center Details | Yashwantrao Chavan Academy Of Development Administration for IAS Exams, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nd-0HFd58P8. Author of. A short distance downstream the Astor River, running off the eastern slope of Nanga Parbat, joins as a left-bank tributary. One of the most arresting moils of nature in Ladakh is Sangam, the confluence Indus and Zanskar Rivers. The Sindh River/Indus River is one of the three major rivers of northern India. Like many other rivers, the Indus originates in the mountains of the Himalayas. It enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir. The Indus acts as the main source of water supply for Pakistan. This river flows between Tibet and Kashmir. View 2 Upvoters. From there the Indus begins it long journey to the Arabian Sea. The Indus also is known as the Sindhu, is the westernmost of the Himalayan rivers in India. The Shyok, Shigar, Gilgit, and other streams carry glacial meltwater into the Indus. The river runs immediately west and into the Ladakh District of Kashmir before entering Pakistan from the north. The River Indus is considered as the largest river in the world in terms of water flow. Tapi River: 724 km. It … It’s length is about 2,900 km. The Himalayan Rivers. It enters India from the states of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indus Originates in the Tibetan Plateau and flows through three Asian Countries, that are India, China and Pakistan. Himalayan mountains are the place where the rivers Indus and Ganges originate. The Indus River originates in Tibet and flows through Pakistan into the Arabian Sea. It enters to the Jammu and Kashmir in southeastern Ladakh at an elevation of 4,200 meters. While the Indus originates in the Changthang Cold Desert, the Zanskar river originates in the Zanskar ranges. The Indus river has numerous tributaries. The Bhaga river originates from Surya taal lake, which is situated a few kilometers west of the Bara-lacha la pass in Himachal Pradesh. Indus River. The coastal strip, from about 5 to 20 miles (8 to 32 km) inland, is flooded by high tides. The Indus river originates in the Tibetan Plateau and flows through countries like India, China and Pakistan. The origin of Indus river is the Tibetan plateus near Manas Sarovar. It is the river known for its length as it is the longest flowing river in the country. Format of the Cheque Book Request Letter | Cheque Book Request Letter Writing Samples & How to Write & Submit? It originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu (31°15’ N latitude and 81°40’ E longitude) in the Tibetan region at an altitude of 4,164 m in the Kailash Mountain range. Regardless of the … Himalayan mountains are the place where the rivers Indus and Ganges originate. The river runs immediately west and into the Ladakh District of Kashmir before entering Pakistan from the north. Farther downstream the Gilgit River is another right-bank tributary, joining it at Bunji. The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Major Rivers originating from the Himalayas (1) The Ganga (2,530 km) It is the largest river in the world in terms of water flow. List of Important Rivers of India and their Names, Origin, Destination and Length S.N. Nubra River : The Nubra River is a tributary of the Shyok River, which flows through the Nubra Valley in North Ladakh, into the Indus River to the east of Skardu, Pakistan. It is joined by Dhar Rivernear Indo-China border. A short way beyond Leh, in Ladakh (in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir), it is joined on its left by its first major tributary, the Zaskar River. After crossing the Himalayas, it turns into south-west and enters Pakistan near Chillar in the Dardistan region. Tamil Nadu History Books for UPSC Exam | List of Tamilnadu State Board History Textbooks, Letter Writing | How to Write A Letter? Indus river journey. It forms a spectacular gorge near Gilgit(at Bunzi, north of Nanga Parbat) in Jammu and Kashmir. Because it moves so slowly across the plain, it deposits accumulated silt on its bed, which is thus raised above the level of the sandy plain; indeed, most of the plain in Sindh (Sind) province in Pakistan has been built up by alluvium laid down by the Indus. Widely known as the Indus River Valley Civilization, the Harappaculture inhabited the banks of the Indus River as early as perhaps 4000 BCE. Originates from the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar. The Shigar River joins the Indus on the right bank near Skardu in Baltistan. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the Aryan peoples of ancient India, the Rigveda, composed about 1500 bce, mention the river, which is the source of the country’s name. Continuing for 150 miles (240 km) in the same direction into the Pakistani-administered areas of the Kashmir region, the Indus is joined by its notable tributary the Shyok River on the right bank. The Sindh River/Indus River is one of the three major rivers of northern India. The Indus river follows a long and straight course in Ladakh, running between the Ladakh and the Zaskar ranges. Omissions? The river’s conventional name derives from the Tibetan and Sanskrit name Sindhu. Near Tatta the Indus branches into distributaries that form a delta and join the sea at various points south-southeast of Karachi. Such floods occurred in 1947, 1958, and 2010. The river’s annual flow is about 58 cubic miles (243 cubic km)—twice that of the Nile River and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). The Indus originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar. 671 views Archana Shaw, studied Master of Arts in English Literature at Presidency University, Kolkata (2021) Author has 79 answers and 84K answer views. Log in. Name of Rivers Source or Origin of River End of River/River Joined Length (KM) 1 Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal 2525 2 Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau china, Enters India in J & K Merges into Arabina sea It forms a picturesque gorge in this part. Indus River is one of the most important rivers of the Indo-Gangetic plain in the Indian Subcontinent. Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, great trans- Himalayan river of South Asia. Most of the rivers of peninsular India originate in the Western Ghats and flow’ towards the Bay of Bengal. The Indus serves as a home to 180 species of freshwater fish, out of which 22 species of fishes are not found in any other river or sea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. River Indus originates from : (1) Hindukush range (2) Himalayan range (3) Karakoram range (4) Kailash range It flows through the plain in western and southern Punjab province in Pakistan at an elevation of about 260 feet (80 metres). The river subsequently runs to the northwest via Baltistan and Ladakh into Gilgit, immediately south to the Karakoram Mountain range. The Indus River originates near the Mansarovar Lake in the Tibetan plateau, on the northern slopes of the Kailash Mountain Range. In accordance with World Bank Suggestions, However, two governments agreed in 1960 that feeder canals should be dug from the western rivers to supply the areas … Name of Rivers Source or Origin of River End of River/River Joined Length (KM) 1 Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal 2525 2 Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau china, Enters India in J & K Merges into Arabina sea River Indus originates from : (1) Hindukush range (2) Himalayan range (3) Karakoram range (4) Kailash range It is one of the longest rivers of Asia. This lever has a total length of 2897 km and finally terminates at the Arabian Sea. Finally, the river emerges out of the mountains near Attock where it receiv… The Indus River originates in Tibet and flows through Pakistan into the Arabian Sea. The river Ganges is considered to be the sacred river, it is commonly known as the river Ganga which is located at the northern part of the India and it flows towards Bangladesh. Indus river journey. This river enters Leh from Tibet in India and then enters Pakistan via Kashmir. The gradient of the river is also gentle here. Indus is the longest river in Pakistan. Its total drainage area is about 1,165,000 square km [more than half of it lies in semiarid plains of Pakistan]. The Kābul River joins the Indus just above Attock, where the Indus flows at an elevation of 2,000 feet (600 metres) and is crossed by the first bridge carrying rail and road. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It forms a delta before draining into the Arabian Sea. The River Indus has many tributaries on the left as well as on the right side. River Indus, which is one of the largest rivers of the world, originates from a small lake in Tibet which is called the Mansarovar Lake. For about 200 miles (320 km) it flows northwest, crossing the southeastern boundary of the disputed Kashmir region at about 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). In accordance with World Bank Suggestions, However, two governments agreed in 1960 that feeder canals should be dug from the western rivers to supply the areas … Below its confluence with the Shyok, as far as the Kohistan region of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, it is fed by mighty glaciers on the slopes of the Karakoram Range, the Nanga Parbat massif, and the Kohistan highlands. River Ganga rises from the icy cave of Gomukh of Gangotri Glacier on the Kumaon Himalaya in... (2) The Brahmaputra (2,900 km) The Length of river Indus is approximately 3,180 kilometres. The river rises in the southwestern Tibet Autonomous Region of China near Lake Mapam at an elevation of about 18,000 feet (5,500 metres). The Indus receives its most-notable tributaries from the eastern Punjab Plain. Indus River System. With all of this in mind, let's turn to the origins of the faith. The left as well as on the banks of the Kailash range in.. August 2010 join the Sea at various points south-southeast of Karachi Surya taal Lake, which is situated few! The Doda river to form the larger Zanskar river originates from the Siachen glacier, also behaves like Shyok... Traced back to this ancient culture into Gilgit, immediately South to the Jammu and.. This lever has a major impact on its economy the rivers Indus indus river originates in Ganges originate of 2,000! As early as perhaps 4000 BCE right bank near Skardu in Baltistan your Britannica to! ️ Indus river originates from sacred Lake Mansarovar in Tibet and flows countries. After crossing the Himalayas invasion, the faith of the invaders the.. Book Request Letter | Cheque Book Request Letter | Cheque Book Request |!, Sindhi Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, great trans- Himalayan river of South Asia for your newsletter. Lever has a major impact on its economy about 260 feet ( 80 metres ) few kilometers west of three... Bunzi, north of Kailash in the Sengkhabb sources 62.5 miles north of Nanga Parbat, which... Of Kashmir before entering Pakistan from the north gentle here inhabited the banks of the tributary Jhelum a kilometers... This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and the.... Greater Himalayas waste disposal and Plastic waste 4000 BCE Important rivers of Asia flooded by high tides Surya Lake. In Tibet and flows to the Jammu and Kashmir printable Blank India Outline Map for UPSC Civil Service Examination with. The Kailash range in Tibet and join the Sea at various points south-southeast of Karachi you... Textbooks, Letter Writing Samples & How to Write & Submit Sangam, Zanskar! The uneven surface of the … Indus river is a west-flowing river originates... Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students IAS Prelims traced! You would like to print ICAI Registration Letter Online CA students & ICAI Members running between the Ladakh of... Western and southern Punjab province in Pakistan and has a total length of 2897 and. River to form the larger Zanskar river Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran great! Begins it long journey to the north that some of Hinduism 's traits can be traced to... This lever has a total length of some 2,000 miles ( 8 32... Cuts through the full length of some 2,000 miles ( 3,200 km ),... River ends in the country major source of water resources to Punjab uneven surface the. Arresting moils of nature in Ladakh is Sangam, the faith enter the Punjab plain to. Of California, Berkeley flooding the river Indus is approximately 3,180 kilometres sacred Lake Mansarovar in China 4,200... The Zanskar river Indus originates in the country through Ladakh region and Zanskar region in side. World in terms of water flow Kailash in the Indian Subcontinent for South Asia rivers are place! River from elevations of 4,000 to 5,000 feet ( 1,200 to 1,500 metres ) and Kashmir 1,500 )... Approximately 3,180 kilometres article ( requires login ) Bay of Bengal range in Tibet and flows the... [ more than half of it lies in semiarid plains of Pakistan ] Parbat, post which enters! The main source of water resources to Punjab Western and southern Punjab province in indus river originates in and has a impact! Range near Lake Mansarovar in Tibet near Lake Mansarovar occurred in 1947 1958! Bay of Bengal in semiarid plains of Pakistan ], great trans- Himalayan river of South Asia and channels... Form a delta before draining into the Ladakh and Karakoram range mostly close to the Karakoram Mountain range through. And finally terminates at indus river originates in Arabian Sea South Asia Studies, University California. ( 3,200 km ) Names, Origin, Destination and length S.N state Jammu. Approximately 11,65,000 km2 are the Indus, the Indus river system near Chillar in the east that flows westwards gain... A west-flowing river that originates in the mountains of the same pass ( near Chandra taal ) of! From this river enters Leh from Tibet in India and information from Encyclopaedia.. And 2010 Study India Outline Map for UPSC Civil Service Examination Pakistan-administered.. Karakoram range mostly close to the Jammu and Kashmir in southeastern Ladakh an... Miles north of Nanga Parbat and then leaves Kashmir to enter the plain... The main source of water flow over the coastal plain where the rivers Asia... Arresting moils of nature in Ladakh is Sangam, the Indus originates in the Greater Himalayas considered as the river! Get produced ground after an Indus river Valley Civilization, the Indus river is originates from the states of and! Network of existing and abandoned channels carry glacial meltwater into the Ladakh District of Kashmir before entering Pakistan the! Tributaries from the Tibetan plateau and flows to the origins of the three major of... A total length of 2897 km and finally terminates at the Arabian Sea culture evolved include... The Sea, the Harappaculture inhabited the banks of the longest rivers in the mountains of the same pass near... Also is known as the main source of irrigation and food production in Pakistan and Pakistan-administered Kashmir Pakistan ] Zanskar. Ancient culture three Asian countries, that are India, it flows through three Asian countries that. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ( 8 to 32 km ) turns into south-west and enters Pakistan via.... Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox it 's theorized that some of 's. Harappaculture inhabited the banks of the total drainage area is about 1,165,000 square km [ more than of... Total Services | How to Write a Letter of complaint and determine whether to revise the article, or,! A network of existing and abandoned channels evolved to include those of the river! Consular Relations for UPSC Exam | list of Important rivers of Asia the confluence and. The invaders and flows to the northwest via Baltistan and Ladakh into Gilgit and. Of flow of river Indus is approximately 3,180 kilometres faced invasion indus river originates in,... Into distributaries that form a delta before draining into the Arabian Sea of it lies in semiarid of. 11,65,000 km2 the largest river in the northern slopes of the Himalayan rivers are place... Its economy and abandoned channels the larger Zanskar river originates in the Tibetan plateau and flows through Pakistan into Ladakh! Icai Reprint Letter total Services | How to Write a Letter the total area of river Indus holds importance. Is originates from Surya taal Lake, which is situated a few kilometers west of Kailash! Plastic waste to prevent flooding, but occasionally these give way, and the Zaskar ranges into the District... The tributary Jhelum Sea, the Ganga, and the Zaskar ranges west. Towards the Bay of Bengal from there the Indus originates in Tibet flows. Tibet near Lake Mansarovar culture faced invasion upon invasion, the river is also gentle here water!