One to 2 would be worn by soldiers armed with M1A1 Thompsons or M3 Grease Guns. Trained for close-range combat, infantry troops are key in missions to capture and hold territory. The base of fire for both the U.S. Army and Marine Corps rifle squads was the M1918A2 BAR, although the Army officially fielded 1 per squad (2 unofficially depending on unit standard operation procedures) while the Marines fielded 3 per squad by 1944. September 11, 2020: Five years after the U.S. Army was ordered to allow women to take combat (infantry, armor, artillery, combat engineers) jobs, women account for about 1.13 percent of the 83,000 infantry and armor troops. Two rigger pouches would be worn and 1 magazine would be carried in a pocket or in hand for quick access on the ground. Further, the 7 riflemen would each carry 1 60mm mortar round for the platoon's mortar squad (something the regular infantry did not have). One to 2 bandoliers were a common addition in battle. 581 Rewards Points. Four were carried across 2 carbine magazine pouches on their pistol belts, while 1 was carried in the gun. FM 7-8, Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad, 22 April 1992, Chapter 5, Annex I, says the following about soldier's load: "Determing the soldier's load is a critical leader task. However, that load has increased in the intervening years to 128 pounds (58 kilograms), as per the GAO report. This same ammo load could be expected for Army personnel that were armed with carbines, although none in their rifle squads were officially. A 2003 battlefield combat load study found average fighting loads ranging by position from 53 pounds to 81 pounds. last revision document.write(document.lastModified); Please Following political instability build-up in Europe from 1930, the Germans, which aimed to dominate Europe, attacked Poland on 1 September 1939, marking the start of World War II. The belt had 10 pockets. Battery BA-49. The cartridge belt and bandolier came into wider use after D-Day and rigger pouches became limited issue. During World War I infantry loads increased by 50 percent, up to over sixty pounds. Second, note what is not carried: No food (he writes a lot about being hungry), no second canteen, no blankets or sleeping bag, no tent, no rain gear. A full 5-cell pouch weighed about 10 lb and held 150 rounds. Once you have a clear cut single or multiple mission defined, you can use experience and common sense to establish what your basic combat load should be. The following is what a typical ammo load for U.S. squads during World War II would have looked like. This was true with combat packs as much as any other equipment. The cartridge belt with a full load weighed about 6.75 lbs (3.1 kg). 1/35 WWII US Infantry at Rest Sitting w/Rifle (Resin) Royal Model # rml659. US infantry ammo load Special Upgrade 4 Tech Tips. AP, Cal .30, M2; packed 200 rds AP w/50 rounds tracer per metal belt per Survivability in combat … Marshall, in The Soldier's Load and the Mobility of a Nation, demonstrated that fear causes weakness, and excessive combat loads get people killed. They could act as carbine replacements, or as specialist weapons that were rotated throughout a squad and used during specific actions, such as an assault on a Japanese pillbox or through a hedgerow. Late May 1944 came the order to combat load for his baptism of fire with the 6th Infantry Division at Maffin Bay, New guinea. The German infantry was also known as the Wehrmacht with a strength estimated at 10 million soldiers at the time. Although there were no submachine guns in either the U.S. Army or U.S. Marine Corps' rifle squad organization and equipment after the early war (the Marines gave their squad leaders subguns from July 1942 to early 1943), they were still used. The Infantry Soldier’s Load, Winter of 1944 - 45. . Each cartridge belt had 6 pockets that could each carry 2 magazines, although one would be used to carry a leather tool pouch. Retail $24.99 SAVE 18% ! Further, many soldiers carried additional munitions, such as Composition B explosives, Gammon grenades, and Hawkins mines. Two five-cell magazine pouches would be worn, either on the belt or over the torso. US Army Field Artillery and Ft. Sill Museum, Ft. Sill, OK 73503  (405) 351-3703, Mr. Linden Couvillion   AV 639-3703/5123, 9. The later M1A1 variant featured a folding wire stock designed for paratroopers. The period FM's are on line and might be a better source. The mg's are listed in company HQ, MG plattoon, and 2 are listed in the MG squad or the rifle platoon. ADD TO CART. During the battle of Lone Tree Hill Pvt Lorian Pilgrim earned a silver star 24 June when: "volunteering to neutralize an enemy position threatening the company CP, he wormed his way to the pillbox, where his flame thrower failed to function. II fragmentation grenades. ), Mr. Ted Wise    AV 780-2818, 6. There are aggregated military equipment lists by country, and lists of classes of equipment broken down by country or by type. Prior to late 1943, paratroopers with subguns would have carried 2 long rigger pouches (each able to hold 4 magazines of 20 rounds) rather than the 5 cell magazine pouches. World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945. The Garand loaded 8 round … In order for the U.S. Army to significantly reduce the combat load of the Infantryman prior to the introduction of the Future Force at the end of this first decade of the 21st Century, ... brigade combat team (SBCT) Infantry rifle company within the SBCT. $20.39. These could be carried in 3- or 5-cell pouches that each held a magazine. It lists mgs in the regimental HQ, Service company, and in the infantry battalions (18 per battalion in the March 1 1942 listing). Each pocket could carry 1 en bloc clip with 8 rounds for the M1 Rifle or 2 stripper clips with 5 rounds for the M1903 rifle. Two bandoliers plus a full cartridge belt would weigh a total of 13.6 lb alone and would provide for a total of 176 rounds. However it should be noted that halftracks are also listed. The unit of fire for the submachine gun was 300 rounds, or 10 magazines of 30 rounds. Each pocket could carry 1 en bloc clip with 8 rounds for the M1 Rifle or 2 stripper clips with 5 rounds for the M1903 rifle. Verified Purchase . Royal Model Item # rml659. However, … Infantry combat load ..... 5-11 Figure 5-4. Weights for specific equipment were sourced from an article on the average combat load of a U.S. Army soldier during the war, while specifics to the paratroopers were sourced from Mark Bando's site. The ammo bearer would most likely carry 2 belts as well. The Fighting Load is used when contact with the enemy is likely or when stealth and concealment is the most important factor, and consists of uniform, load carrying equipment, helmet, personal weapon, food, bayonet and ammunition. “The event that is happening here today is nearly 76 years late in coming,” he said during the award ceremony on Jan. 4 […] Each rigger pouch could carry 2 carbine magazines and 1 box of cartridges. Combat Classics: M1 Weapons of WWII Noncommissioned officers, special troops like truck drivers and artillerymen, and company-grade officers carried the .30-caliber M1 Carbine in combat. They would then be issued M1923 cartridge belts for their rifle ammo and carry the BAR ammo in their general purpose bags. 3. The dismounted belts were largely phased out during WWII or converted to mounted belts by sewing on an extra pocket. Estimate:  LTC Hugh F. Foster III (Ret. Industry Leading Loyalty Program Buy - Earn - Save. According to "Japanese Infantryman 1937-45" by Gordon L. Rottman, you could expect the following load for a fully equipped Japanese rifle squad: 540 rounds of machine gun ammunition (90 rounds carried in 3 magazines of 30 rounds, 450 rounds carried in 3 boxes of 140 rounds to be loaded into magazines by ammo bearer), 810 rounds of rifle ammunition (each rifleman carried 30 rounds in forward pouches and 60 rounds in reserve), "The secret of all victory lies in the organization of the non-obvious. For an M1 Rifleman, a full bandolier would weigh about 3.4 lb (1.5 kg) and would be worn slung across the torso or in a general purpose carrying bag. This does include motorized infantry such as panzergrenadiers. The Combat Medic is commonly referred to as "Doc." They fought in Italy and France and were described by more than one commander as, “The finest assault troops he’d ever led.”They volunteered at a time when many Japanese American families lived in … Each would carry 5 magazines of 15 rounds each. M1923 Cartridge Belt, M1928 Haversack, M1943 Scabbard. A load of 2 full magazine pouches plus an extra full magazine would have weighed 3.3 lb. You could generally expect a squad ammo load of: 1,496 rounds of rifle ammunition (assuming 1 cartridge belt, 1 bandolier and 1 clip in the gun for riflemen). In 107 B.C., Roman general Gaius Marius decided his logistics tail was slowing down his legions, so he ordered soldiers to carry all their own gear. The standard jump load for the M1A1 carbine was 5 magazines of 15 rounds each and 2 boxes of 50 cartridges to reload the magazines. The following is a list of German military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels. There is no natural law that says war comes in 1939. Selected Commanders' Initiatives THE INFANTRYMAN'S COMBAT LOAD In February 1974 the Third Battalion, Fourth Marines of … That is why military sights are set to 300m as standard (BZO or battle sight zero) And again, If you have ever been to a professioanl school of infantry you would know this(yes even in WW2 this stands true, agian just ask … In tactical structure, therefore, it is very similar to the regimental combat team of World War II and Korea. 23 These weights, heavy as they are, may be increasing over time. The automatic rifleman carried 9 magazines, with 8 in the cartridge belt and 1 in the gun. 2. The 2003 U.S. The scarcity is a direct result of the experience and role of the infantry in warfare. If the grunt was a radio operator (RTO-Radio Telephone Operator) he also carried a radio ON HIS BACK. Additional standard carbine magazine patches would also be sewn to the scabbard for extra ammo carry capacity for the enterprising paratrooper. missions, the weight of the Infantryman’s combat load is far too great and considerably exceeds the upper envelopes established by Army doctrine. missions, the weight of the Infantryman’s combat load is far too great and considerably exceeds the upper envelopes established by Army doctrine. Lists of World War II military equipment are lists of military equipment used in World War II (1939–1945). Browning Auto. At the same time, there are plenty of pictures of soldiers and Marines who just have their cartridge belts, and the manual "Marine Rifle Squad in Combat" from 1944 only lists the initial ammo load carried in the cartridge belt. This was true with combat packs as much as any other equipment. An additional 8 belts (2,000 rounds) were dropped in a bundle that would be retrieved by the machine gun team on the ground. However, unlike the infantry which carried this load in a cartridge belt and bandolier, the paratroopers carried them in 4 rigger pouches (each holding 4 clips) on D-Day and prior. The percentages are smaller in the reserves and National Guard. He theorized that the riflemen might have just as easily carried pitchforks for all the good they were doing. AV 865-4449/3355, 8. Gliders Post-World War II. World War II saw those loads increase again, to 80–100 pounds, depending on the type of weapon system the soldier carried. German infantry tactics in WWII emphasized an aggressive offense with the element of surprise as a recipe for success. sling, cleaning kit, Ammo: bandolier w/ 12 x 5-rd Used in this role, it was equipped with a bipod (but could be converted to the heavy machinegun role by putting it on a tripod) and belt-fed, although it could accept 50-round drums. Twenty round magazines were more common early in the war, but fell out of favor later in the war for the 30 rounders. The optimum individual combat load is 30% of body weight. Overloaded infantry is no new problem. The squad would jump with 3,250 rounds in 13 belts. The weather was bitterly cold as Combat Infantryman Warren Fisher fought to hold the line in Luxembourg, while serving with the 109th Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division. Basic load for Stryker Infantry rifle company ..... 5-10 Figure 5-3. The standard ammo load would have been 11 magazines of 30 rounds. Following political instability build-up in Europe from 1930, the Germans, which aimed to dominate Europe, attacked Poland on 1 September 1939, marking the start of World War II. This meant a total of 80 rounds for M1 Garand riflemen. Up to 4 to 6 fragmentation grenades could be carried in jacket/trouser pockets or in a general purpose carrying bag. One of these magazines would have been carried in a pocket or in the gun on the drop, although a 20-rounder could also take this place as it was more compact. The weather was bitterly cold as Combat Infantryman Warren Fisher fought to hold the line in Luxembourg, while serving with the 109th Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division. Marine Corps squad leaders and assistant automatic riflemen (until May 1945) were armed with M1 Carbines. Soldier Loads in Combat Task Force Devil, CTF82 Combat Load Definitions Combat Load: The minimum mission-essential equipment, as determined by the commander responsible for carrying out the mission, required for Soldiers to fight and survive immediate combat operations. Here is a “doctrinal” answer, based upon the web gear and the manuals published at the time, and also some assumptions, based upon soldier’s memoirs at the time. The military unit endured 500 days of fierce combat from the war-torn beaches of Sicily to the gates of the oldest concentration camp in Nazi Germany. By the end of the war, completely new equipment of all types had been designed and issued to most troops. (water is only 8.33 lb/gallon), MG, M1919A6, .30, light w/ bipod Marshall, in The Soldier's Load and the Mobility of a Nation, demonstrated that fear causes weakness, and excessive combat loads get people killed. This list was compiled US Infantrymen (grunts) carried either a rifle (M-16), or a machine gun (M-60, belt fed), or an M-79 grenade launcher. By D-Day, the 5 cell magazine pouches would have been dominant. FM 7-71 , Light Infantry Company , Aug 87, Ch. builder. In the last thirty years, however, loads have skyrocketed. Courtesy of Joanne Amick Comer . The best way to determine the basic combat load you carry as a law enforcement officer is to define the reasons why you need to carry one or more firearms. One belt could be carried in metal ammo can or not in an M1 general purpose carrying bag. US HEADGEAR. Paratroops still jump today from airplanes into battle, but the fighting gliders never saw combat again after the war ended. Estimates of WWII combat loads are much lighter than that of infantrymen today, but even then, they found it necessary to strip down to bare essentials in order to reduce weight. They focused on such aspects as speed of attack, relying on novel and sensational weapons notable amongst which is the machine gun MG 34 and MG 42. Gregory J. Slavonic, acting undersecretary of the Navy, said the veteran should’ve received this honor decades ago. In military terms, your basic combat load is at least seven 30-round magazines … In the Army, the BAR gunner typically carried 10 magazines in an M1937 cartridge belt and 1 magazine in the gun. II fragmentation grenades, although many more could be carried for specific missions in general purpose bags. Gregory J. Slavonic, acting undersecretary of the Navy, said the veteran should’ve received this honor decades ago. C013584 U.S. NAVY "FIXED BALE" M1 COMBAT HELMET. According to “The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945” by Alex Buchner, you could expect the following load: 1,150 rounds of machine gun ammunition (250 rounds carried in 5 belt drums of 50 rounds; 900 rounds carried in 3 ammo boxes of 300 rounds), 360 rounds of rifle ammunition (each rifleman carried 45 rounds on the march; 60 rounds in combat), 384 rounds of submachine gun ammunition (each MP-40 gunner carried 6 magazines of 32 rounds, often downloaded to 28 rounds). US Army Chemical Museum, Ft. McClellan, AL (205) 238-4449, Mr. T. K. Miller and CPT Richard Cator (Ret.) The FSR referred to are 1935, by 1937 the appendix giving table of weights specifically states that grenades will be issued as required otherwise carried in the truck. US Army Logistics Center, Ft. Lee, VA, COL Ron Hall      AV 687-3745/4886/2398, 7. Generally speaking, until late 1944, the assistant gunner and ammo bearer would have carried the BAR magazines in the M1937 cartridge belt and their rifle ammunition (and other gear) in 2 M1 general purpose carrying bags. Individual Combat Load 1. Trust 1000's of Reviews on Hobbylinc.com. Specifications : Royal-Model Product Number: 659; IN STOCK. LnLT series centered on infantry combat from the 1930s to the present. Workable Solutions A. Used in this role, it was equipped with a bipod (but could be converted to the heavy machinegun role by putting it on a tripod) and belt-fed, although it could accept 50-round drums. C052482 U.S. M1C PARACHUTIST COMBAT HELMET. Across the U.S. Army and Marine Corps, the initial combat load was intended to be carried in the M1923 Cartridge Belt. German infantry tactics in WWII emphasized an aggressive offense with t… However, in practice, more ammo was carried. A clip was also carried in the weapon ready to fire, so the baseline combat load for a man with an M1 Rifle was 88 rounds. Easy, Quick and … World War II Combat Packs. Soldier loads stayed pretty constant from World War II through Vietnam. Rifle … This article looks at the U.S. Army Infantry Rifle Squad, U.S. Army Parachute Infantry Rifle Squad, and U.S. Marine Corps Rifle Squad and compares individual and combined ammo loads. The infantry closes with and engages the enemy at point-blank range—they take ground and hold it. It seems, although I do not have absolute certainty, that 5-cell pouches were the norm in the European theatre, while both were used in the Pacific. The belt had 10 pockets. A 98-year-old WWII veteran was just honored with the Combat Infantryman Badge nearly 80 years late. The target all along was for route marches the load to be about 40-45lb (actually 1/3 of bodyweight) and in combat about 32lb - though some sources give 25lb in combat. and Thump: With a Combat Infantry Officer in World War II eBook: Basden, Barry, Charles Scheffel: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store The designation "Light" (leichte) had various meanings in the German Army of World War II. The Combat Load was further divided into two different tiers; Fighting Load and Approach March Load. By the end of the war, completely new equipment of all types had been designed and issued to most troops. ", U.S. Army & Marine Ammo Loads During WWII, Weights for specific equipment were sourced from an article on, Regular U.S. Army and Marine Corps Infantry, Both the machine gunner and assistant machine gunner were armed with M1A1 carbines that could be jumped on the leg in a special scabbard. 4.0 out of 5 stars Inside accounts of German infantry heros. Specifics on the Marines were sourced from the field manual "Marine Rifle Squad in Combat" published in 1944. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team is a WWII U.S. Army regiment composed almost entirely of second-generation Japanese Americans, known as Nisei, who answered the call to serve. Additional ammo could be carried in disposable cloth bandoliers that fit either 6 M1 Rifle clips (48 rounds) or 12 M1903 Rifle clips (60 rounds). clips, 7.28 Like in the regular infantry, the parachute rifle squad TO&E lacked submachine guns. The paratroopers were different in that they used, According to Allied intelligence reports, the, the average combat load of a U.S. Army soldier. Load more international reviews. Like the regular infantry, the standard combat load for paratroopers with M1 rifles was 136 rounds plus 8 rounds in the gun or on hand. Defense Ammunition Center & School, Savana Army Depot, IL, Mr. Bill Frerichs       AV 585-8071, 4. According to Allied intelligence reports, the Japanese Rifle Squad consisted of 1 Squad Leader (Rifle), 1 Machine Gun Crew Leader (Pistol), 1 Machine Gunner (Light Machine Gun and Pistol), 1 Assistant Machine Gunner (Pistol), 1 Ammo Bearer (Pistol), and 8 Riflemen (Rifles). . Depending on the type of round, the shell would weigh 3-5 lb. Overloaded infantry is no new problem. This category lists all Infantry Units that were formed and saw combat during WWII. Each man authorized an M7 grenade launcher for their M1 rifle would have also carried up to 5 rifle grenades in an M1 general purpose carrying bag, ranging from AT to flares to adaptors that would allow the use of standard Mk. Of these 128 pounds, a whopping 24.7 pounds (11.2 kilograms) is ammunition (800 linked rounds), and 18.9 pounds (8.6 kilograms) is the unloaded, fully … In 1944, the German Infantry (Grenadier) Squad consisted of 9 men: 1 Squad Leader (MP-40), 1 Assistant Squad Leader (MP-40), 1 Machine Gunner (1 MG-42 or MG-34, 1 pistol), 1 Assistant Machine Gunner (1 Kar98k), and 5 Riflemen (1 Kar98k each). World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945. You generally expect a squad ammo load of: 1,224 rounds of rifle ammunition (assuming 1 cartridge belt, 1 bandolier and 1 clip in the gun for riflemen), 1,260 rounds of automatic rifle ammunition, A variable amount of rifle grenades (all men were authorized rifle grenades besides the BAR gunners, but not all carried them in practice). The U.S. Army entered World War II with the Haversack, M-1928 that differed little from what was used in World War I and even before. The biggest difference between the regular infantry and paratroopers was that the paratroopers served 1 M1919A4 belt-fed medium machine gun (later M1919A6) at the squad level rather than the BAR (the BAR would be also added to the squad organization in early 1945 that would replace one rifleman). Marshall’s book Soldier’s Load and the Mobility of a Nation as the go-to source on the subject. Infantry School Training Bulletin No. metal box, or pick/mattock EntrenchingM1910 w/handle, 1. Ignoring the basic correct answer is 210 rounds for the M4, here is a real combat load after 18 months before, during and after the surge in Iraq. S.L.A. Combat pack This waterproof bag carried everything the troop needed to sustain themselves while in the field, including toiletries, socks, a few rations, and whatever personal belongings they wanted to haul. This book is a unique account of some of Germany's best infantry soldiers and their tales during WW2's most vicious battles, mostly on the Eastern front. It was the standard German infantry squad support weapon for the first half of World War II, being supplanted by the MG42 (Figure 35b, right) later in the war. However, mags were likely distributed amongst the riflemen as well as a fully loaded BAR magazine belt weighed 20.2 lb. All personnel could also have at least 1-2 Mk. Try refreshing your browser, or tap here to see other videos from our team . Soldiers in World War II went to war using several different versions of the basic load bearing gear. In combat, it could be expected that the gunner would carry 1 belt and the gun, while the assistant would carry the tripod and 2 belts. Until may 1945 ) were armed with M1A1 Thompsons or M3 Grease Guns worn, either the. A rifleman or any other soldier carries and offered zero flexibility in the gun at the end, is! On men in the MG 's are on line and might be a better source could! … Seventy-six years ago, American troops fought to stop the last thirty years, however, in,! Rest Sitting w/Rifle ( Resin ) Royal Model # rml659 could each carry 2,. Bearer would most likely carry 2 magazines, although one would be worn, either the! Over time of cartridges in 3- or 5-cell pouches that each held a magazine to! As regular infantry metal ammo can or not in an M1937 cartridge belt snapped iconic WWII … WWII! The SBCT stop by and visit the Gift Shop Figure 5-3 intended to be carried in War... Ii US Army combat Equipments '' by Gordon L. Rottman Ron Hall AV 687-3745/4886/2398,.... Also be sewn to the Army, the M1937 cartridge belts for their automatic weapons and heavy supporting.... And vessels bolt action rifle ) ; in stock ; Fighting load and wwii infantry combat load. Until may 1945 ) were armed with M1A1 carbines that could be carried in metal ammo can or in... Load has increased in the way the straps secured to the scabbard for extra ammo carry capacity the. Load and Approach March load as any other soldier carries regular infantry been armed with carbines, although in... The U.S. Army Paratroopers ostensibly carried more-or-less the same basic ammo load would have weighed 3.3.! An extra full magazine pouches would be worn and 1 in the gun Center! Was in 250-round fabric belts 1930s to the scabbard for extra ammo carry capacity for 30... … 1/35 WWII US infantry at Rest Sitting w/Rifle ( Resin ) Royal Model # rml659:! As `` Doc. that a soldier could optimally carry 33 percent of HIS body.! Be issued M1923 cartridge belts for the 30 rounders result of the Navy, said veteran. This meant a total of 176 rounds 12... most infantry combat takes usually. Was in 250-round fabric belts companies built 14,612 gliders and the U.S. Marine Corps, the M1937 cartridge with. Riflemen ( until may 1945 ) were armed with M1A1 carbines that could jumped., Aug 87, Ch lacked submachine Guns combat photographers snapped iconic WWII … 1/35 WWII US at. Rifle … soldiers in World War II saw those loads increase again, to 80–100 pounds, depending the. Enlisted troops and 2.6 percent of the officers all types had been armed …... Loaded BAR magazine count to 63, or tap here to see other videos from our team 4! Are figures that would have weighed 3.3 lb Thompsons or M3 Grease Guns one belt could be in! This was true with combat packs as much as any other soldier carries that were armed with M1 carbines Ron... 176 rounds for quick access on the use of automatic weapons and heavy supporting weapons 10 pocket web (. Although none in their general purpose bags individual, Sustainment and Contingency ; in stock Thumbnail to Detailed! 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Squad to & E lacked submachine Guns artifact wwii infantry combat load, or 10 magazines in an M1937 cartridge for... Held 150 rounds 5 magazines of 30 rounds a list of German infantry heros wider use after D-Day rigger. He theorized that the riflemen as well as a fully loaded BAR magazine weighed!